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At Pinders Primary School, we believe that all our children can become fluent readers and writers.

We deliver phonics through our own programme. Our phonics programme aims to prepare children for reading by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It is a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven. It is a fun and child centered approach to teaching reading through synthetic phonics. With actions, stories and songs for each of the letter sounds, our multi-sensory method is very motivating for the children.

At Pinders Primary School, phonics is the route to reading unknown words.




Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One (Nursery/Reception)


Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.


Phase Two

(Reception) up to 6 weeks


Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase Three (Reception) up to 12 weeks



The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.


Phase Four

(Reception) 4 to 6 weeks


No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase Five

(Throughout Year 1)


Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

What does Phonics look like at Pinders Primary School?

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